linux学习二(apache)

作者: 刘满 分类: Apache,linux 发布时间: 2018-12-02 19:16

源码编译安装

apache安装

官网下载apache

apache文件目录下编译

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --enable-mods-shared=all

动态加载所有模块:–enable-mods-shared=all
-shared动态加载,去掉则静态加载,推荐–enable-mods-shared=all简单方便,只不过据说动态加载性能要比静态慢5%。

关于加载模块详情推荐一篇博文apache 静态编译和动态编译参考

提示:APR not found. Please read the documentation

apr和apr-util下载 pcre下载

apr编译安装

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr
make
make install

apr-util编译安装

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apr-util --with-apr=/usr/local/apr
make
make install

pcre编译安装

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre
make
make install

编译apache

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --enable-mods-shared=all

提示:APR-util not found. Please read the documentation

添加apr和apr-util以及pcre参数路径

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache --enable-mods-shared=all --with-apr=/usr/local/apr --with-apr-util=/usr/local/apr-util --with-pcre=/usr/local/pcre

apache 启动/停止/重启:apache目录下./httpd -k start/stop/restart
或者:sudo /usr/local/apache/bin/httpd -k start/stop/restart
非root用户启动需要给httpd权限:sudo chmod u+s httpd

php安装

xml2-config下载

python-dev安装

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python-dev

xml2-config编译安装

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/xml2-config
make
make install

php编译安装

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/xml2-config
make
make install

配置apache支持php

sudo vi /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf
#查找字符串AddType,并增加
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
#查找字符串
DirectoryIndex
#并修改为
DirectoryIndex index.html index.php default.php

配置php

#查看ini目录
./php --ini
sudo cp /home/liuman/下载/php-7.0.4/php.ini-development  /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini

php编译扩展

phpize

m4下载 autoconf下载

先编译安装m4然后编译安装autoconf

./configure
make
make install

开启openssl

sudo apt-get install libssl-dev
#进入到目录etc/openssl
phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make
make install

php.ini加extension =openssl.so

yum安装

apache安装

yum install httpd -y

apache自启动

chkconfig httpd on

apache服务操作

service httpd start
service httpd stop
service httpd restart

安装php和mysql

yum install php
yum install mariadb

php版本如果太旧,先删除自带的php版本再安装,如果版本够用则直接安装php组件。

yum remove php*

安装第三方源和新版本php

rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/epel-release.rpm 
rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm
wget http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.1-1.el5.rf.x86_64.rpm  
rpm -ivh rpmforge-release-0.5.1-1.el5.rf.x86_64.rpm
yum install php56w

安装php组件

yum install php-mysql php-gd libjpeg* php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-bcmath php-mhash

重启apache

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